- Amnesty International researches and reports on human rights violations, as well as national efforts to address impunity for crimes under international law (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, torture, extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances) in all regions of the world. This includes situations under preliminary examination and investigation by the ICC. In many situations, the organization works in partnership or close consultation with national civil society.
- Amnesty International advocates for national governments to fulfil their obligations to investigate these crimes and, where sufficient admissible evidence exists, to prosecute those suspected of the crimes in fair trials and without recourse to the death penalty. The organization also calls, in all situations where these crimes are committed, for the truth to be established and for victims to be provided with full and effective reparation to address the harm they have suffered, as required by international law. In addition we advocate for regional and international intergovernmental organizations, other governments, donors and actors to promote national justice, truth and reparation.
- When government's fail to act, Amnesty International advocates for effective international justice solutions, including, as appropriate, for the International Criminal Court to step in and/or the establishment of ad hoc international or internationalized criminal courts and/or for other states to exercise universal jurisdiction over the crimes.
- To support national justice, truth and reparation efforts, Amnesty International makes concrete recommendations to governments to develop comprehensive national strategies to address impunity. This may include for example: efforts to strengthen or rebuild the national justice system to investigate and prosecute crimes under international law, national law reform and establishing effective truth commissions and reparation programs. In particular, Amnesty International:
- comments on draft legislation seeking to implement the Rome Statute, establishing truth commissions and establishing reparation programs;
- advocates for effective internationalized criminal courts to be established to address impunity, in accordance with international standards, when they are required;
- monitors some national cases and conducts litigation, in particular third party interventions on key issues of international human rights law and other international law;
- calls on states to take specific measures to ensure that women have access to justice, truth and reparation and that crimes of sexual and gender based violence are effectively investigated and prosecuted.
- Furthermore, Amnesty International supports the strengthening of the international framework to end impunity, including the establishment of an effective Multilateral Treaty for Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition for Domestic Prosecution of the Most Serious International Crimes and an effective treaty regarding crimes against humanity.
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General reports and checklists:
Specific country reports calling for justice, truth and reparation in relation to situations under preliminary examination or investigation by the ICC: