The President of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute, Ambassador Tiina Intelmann, welcomed the deposit today of the instruments of ratification of the 2010 amendments to the Rome Statute, by Ambassador Vladimir Drobnjak, Permanent Representative of Croatia to the United Nations.
The first of these amendments concerns the crime of aggression; this amendment was adopted in a historic consensus at the 2010 Review Conference of the Rome Statute in Kampala, Uganda. The second of these amendments pertains to article 8 of the Rome Statute and concerns the use of certain weapons during non-international armed conflict as war crimes.
“The deposit of instruments of ratification by Croatia brings the number of ratifications of the crime of aggression to thirteen. I hope that other States Parties will follow suit in order to achieve soon the universal ratification of the Kampala Amendments,” stated President Intelmann.
Croatia is the third Eastern European country to ratify the Kampala Amendments. Croatia ratified the Rome Statute on 21 May 2001, becoming the 32nd State Party, and also ratified the Agreement of Privileges and Immunities of the Court on 17 December 2004. Croatia has also completed the process of domestic implementation of the Rome Statute through the incorporation of the crimes and general principles contained in the Rome Statute, including the definition of the crime of aggression as provided for in the Kampala Amendments, and of the necessary provisions to ensure effective cooperation with the International Criminal Court.
The crime of aggression was initially included in the Rome Statute in 1998 as one of the crimes under the jurisdiction of the Court, while the definition of the crime and the mechanism for the Court’s exercise of jurisdiction were deferred to a Review Conference. The amendments adopted in Kampala, Uganda in 2010 define the crime of aggression and provide for the conditions for the exercise of jurisdiction over this crime. The Court may exercise jurisdiction over the crime of aggression once thirty States Parties have ratified the amendments, and subject to a decision to be taken after 1 January 2017 by the States Parties.